Pinene is a terpene that is very important and in general it is mainly found in cannabis sativa. Terpenes are aromatic elements found in many different plants and foods. Pinene ensures that insects do not just go on the plants and destroy them. This pinene is most common in trees and especially in conifers. The pinene has a very strong air that the insects cannot tolerate, so it actually scares the insects a bit. In contrast, a pinene can also be isolated and used at a later stage for perfume or cleaning products.
What kind of smell does the pinene have?
Not every pinene has the same scent. You have the alpha pinene and the beta pinene. The alpha-pinene smells of pine and rosemary, where the beta-pinene has a more scent of hops and basil. However, pinene is also found in conifers, oranges, dill and parsley.
Significantly many studies on pinene are still in the pre-clinical phase. Test animals are also used in some studies. Results previously found from these 2007 studies show that it is anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor.
Also, according to the Journal of Natural Products, pinene is most powerful at inhibiting inflammation.
In 2006 a piece was published from biosccience, biotechnology and biochemistry, where she extracted pinene from the needles of a fir. Subsequently, they tested the cognitive performance of mice. And it turned out that the mice that got the essential oil fared much better. Their memory improved by 72.7 percent compared to the group that didn’t get it. The mice that took part in the study suffered from amnesia, so it can actually be compared to Alzheimer’s.
How Safe Is Pinene?
Research is still ongoing, but at present there is little evidence that pinene has negative side effects. However, not everything about pinene is yet known and the research is still ongoing.